Tribal origin

Record Number Citation

Wolfram, Walt, Natalie Schilling-Estes, Roscoe Johnson, James Peterson, and Yancey R. Hall.  “Dialect mixing and ethnic identity in Lumbee English.” SECOL 50. Memphis, T.N.. April 1994.


Knick, Stanley. Robeson Crossroads archaeological survey: phase II testing in Robeson County. Pembroke, NC: Native American Resource Center, Pembroke State University, 1993. 56 pages.


Knick, Stanley. Along the Trail: A Reader About Native Americans. Pembroke: Native American Resource Center, Pembroke State U, 1992.


Blu, Karen I.  “The Uses of History for Ethnic Identity: The Lumbee Case.”  Currents in Anthropology: Essays in Honor of Sol Tax.  Ed. Robert Hinshaw.  The Hague: Mouton, 1979. Pp. [271]-85.


Dial, Adolph L., and David K. Eliades. The only land I know: A history of the Lumbee Indians. San Francisco: Indian Historian P, 1975.  Rpt.


Monaghan, William Patrick.  “Frequencies of Blood Group Antigens in the Lumbee Indians of North Carolina.”  Thesis.  Bowling Green State U, 1974.


Woods, Ruth Dial.  “Testimony: Indian Definition Study.”  Pembroke: R. D. Woods, [1974?]  75 p.


Blu, Karen I.  “‘We People’: Understanding Lumbee Indian Identity in a Tri-Racial Situation.”  Diss.  U of Chicago, 1972.


Chavers, Dean. “The Lumbee Story—Part II: A Short History of the Lumbees Since 1800.”  Indian Voice 1.11 (1971-72): 13-14, 26.


Price, Edward Thomas.  “Mixed Blood Populations of the Eastern United States as to Origins, Localizations, and Persistence.”  Diss.  U of California at Berkeley, 1950.  Pp. 285-91.


62nd Cong. 2nd Session. School for Indians of Robeson County: Hearings Before the [House] Committee on Indian Affairs on S. 3258 to Acquire a Site and Erect Buildings for a School for the Indians of Robeson County, N.C. and for Other Purposes. Dated 14 Feb. 1913. 27 p. [PSU-MLL]


Mooney, James.  “Croatan Indians.”  Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico.  (Smithsonian Institution.  Bureau of American Ethnology.  Bulletin 30, part 1.)  Washington: Government Printing Office, 1907.  P. 365.  Rpt. in McPherson (entry 49), Exhibit M, pp. 251-252.


Guy Benton Johnson Papers, 1830-1882, 1901-1987 (Collection number: 3826). Southern Historical Collection. Louis Round Wilson Special Collections Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Chapel Hill, North Carolina.