Language (Lumbee)

Record Number Citation

National Anthropological Archives. Smithsonian Institution. Washington, DC. Manuscript 3775. Collector: J. N. B. Hewitt. nd.


Barton, Lew.  “List of Common Lumbee Terms.”  Unpublished typescript.  N.d.  9 p.


101st Cong. 1st Session. To Provide Federal Recognition for the Lumbee Tribe of North Carolina. Hearing, House Comm. on Interior and Insular Affairs [on H.R. 2335]. Serial no. 101-57. 235 p. Dated 26 Sept. 1989. Y4.In8/14: 101-57. Washington: GPO, 1992.


Payne, Alton W. “‘A Fool’s Errand’: The Discovery of a Proto-Lumbee Language. The True Origin of the Lumbee Indians.” Unpublished typescript. Sept. 1989. 34 p.


Rinzler, Kate, and Wanda Locklear.  “Going Seining: A Play in Three Acts.”  Unpublished typescript.  1989.


Stick, David.  Roanoke Island: The Beginnings of English America.  Chapel Hill: U of North Carolina P, 1983.  Pp. 231-33, 241-43, 245.


Dial, Adolph L.  “The Lumbee Indians: Still a Lost Colony?”  New World Outlook 32 (May 1982): 19-22.


Brewer, Jeutonne, and Robert W. Reising.  “Tokens in the Pocosin: Lumbee English in North Carolina.”  Essays in Native American English. San Antonio: Trinity U, 1982.  Also in American Speech 57.2 (1982): 108-20.


White, Wes.  “A Report on the Origins of the Lumbee Indians: A Somewhat Revised and Proofread Version.”  Unpub. typescript.  1 April 1978.


Snow, Claude H.  “An Annotated Transcription of Eight Lumbee Indian Sermons in Upper Robeson County, North Carolina.”  Thesis.  U of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1978.


McNeill, John Charles.  Possums and Persimmons: Newly Collected Poems.  Wendell, NC: Broadfoot’s Bookmark, 1977.


Franklin, John Hope.  The Free Negro in North Carolina, 1790-1860.  1943.  New York: Russell & Russell, 1969.  Pp. 79-80.


Rights, Douglas L.  The American Indian in North Carolina.  2nd ed.  Winston-Salem: John F. Blair, 1957.  Pp. 144-49. 


Dunlap, A. R.  “The Speech of the Croatans.”  American Speech 21.3 (Oct. 1946): 231-32.


McNickle, D’Arcy.  “Memorandum [for the Commissioner of Indian Affairs].  Re: Indians of Robeson County, North Carolina.”  Washington: Bureau of Indian Affairs, 1 May 1936.  13 p.


Rights, Douglas L.  “The Lost Colony Legend.”  Bulletin of the Archaeological Society of North Carolina 1.2 (Sept. 1934): 3-7.


Cox, William Norment.  “The Scuffletown Outlaws: A Carolina Folk-Play.”  Southwest Review 11.3 (April 1926): [179]-204.

—Reprints and Anthologies:  In The Carolina Folk-Plays. Third Series.  Ed. Frederick H. Koch.  New York: Henry Holt, 1928.  Pp. [1]-42.  In North Carolina Drama.  Ed. Richard Walser.  Richmond, VA: Garrett & Massie, 1956. Pp. [35]-56.  In The Scholastic [Pittsburgh: Scholastic Pub. Co.] 14 (11 May 1929): 6-7, 30-32; 14 (25 May 1929): 8-9, 28.


Terry, G. Cunningham.  “Sir Walter Raleigh’s Lost Colony of Roanoke.”  Blackwood’s Magazine 194 no. 1175 (Sept. 1913): 320-28.


McMillan, Hamilton.  The Lost Colony Found: An Historical Sketch of the Discovery of the Croatan Indians.  With: Their Advance Movement: Condition Before and After the War, Progress in Civilization and Religion.  By the Rev. J. J. Blanks.  Lumberton: Robesonian Job Print., [c1898?]  35 p.


McMillan, Hamilton. Sir Walter Raleigh’s Lost Colony: An historical sketch of the attempts of Sir Walter Raleigh to establish a colony in Virginia, with the traditions of an Indian tribe in North Carolina. Indicating the fate of the colony of Englishmen left on Roanoke Island in 1587. Wilson, NC: Advance Presses, 1888. 29 p. Rev. ed. Raleigh: Edwards and Broughton, 1907. 46 p. Rpt. in McPherson (entry 49), Exhibit C. Microfilmed by the Library of Congress.


Guy Benton Johnson Papers, 1830-1882, 1901-1987 (Collection number: 3826). Southern Historical Collection. Louis Round Wilson Special Collections Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Chapel Hill, North Carolina.