Record Number Citation

Stilling, Glenn Ellen Starr. "Lumbee Indians." Encyclopedia of North Carolina. Ed. William S. Powell. Chapel Hill: U of North Carolina P, 2006. Pages 699-703.


In the heart of tradition: The eight state-recognized tribes of North Carolina and the North Carolina Commission of Indian Affairs. DVD. 28.30 min. Pembroke, NC: Native American Resource Center, UNC-Pembroke (in collaboration with the North Carolina Commission of Indian Affairs), 2005.


Blu, Karen I. “Lumbee.” Handbook of North American Indians. Vol. 14, Southeast. Ed. Raymond D. Fogelson. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 2004. Pages 319-327. Key source


“American Indian and Alaska Native population.” Statistical table. Public Law 94-171, Census 2000.


Maynor, Malinda, Judy Kertesz, and Ian Aronson. “Lumbee history.” The Appalachian Quarterly [Wise County Historical Society, VA] 4.2 (June 1999): 82-93.


“UNCP professor publishes new text on North Carolina Indians.” Carolina Indian Voice 1 April 1999:4.


“The Lumbee Indians.”   In:  Ross, Thomas E. American Indians in North Carolina: geographic interpretations. Southern Pines, NC: Karo Hollow Press, 1999.  Chapter 5, pages 103-136.


Gaillard, Frye. Chapter 9, “The pride of the Lumbees.” As long as the waters flow: Native Americans in the South and the East. Winston-Salem, NC: John F. Blair, 1998.  Pp. 149-166. Key source


Pritzker, Barry M. “Lumbee.” In: Native Americans: an encyclopedia of  history, culture, and peoples. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 1998. Vol. 2, pp. 552-3.


 Zak, Susannah K.  "A Story of Survival: The Lumbee Indians."  Thesis.  U of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1992.  53 p.


 Lerch, Patricia Barker.  “State-Recognized Indians of North Carolina, Including a History of the Waccamaw Sioux.”  Indians of the Southeastern United States in the Late Twentieth Century.  Tuscaloosa: U of Alabama P, 1992.  Pp. 44-71.


“Lumbee.”  Encyclopedia of World Cultures.  Vol. 1, North America.  Ed. Timothy J. O’Leary.  Boston: G. K. Hall, 1991.  Pp. 208-209.


Eliades, David K.  “The Lumbee Indians: Searching for Justice, Searching for Identity.”  Tar Heel Junior Historian 28.2 (Spring 1989): 47-49.


Dial, Adolph L.  “Lumbee Indians.”  Encyclopedia of Southern Culture.  Ed. Charles Reagan Wilson.  Chapel Hill: U of North Carolina P, 1989.  Pp. 436-37.


Allen, James Paul, and Eugene James Turner.  We the People: An Atlas of America’s Ethnic Diversity.  New York: Macmillan, 1988.


Waldman, Carl.  “Lumbee.”  Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes.  New York: Facts on File, 1988.  Pp. 118-19.


Dial, Adolph L.  “From Adversity to Progress.”  Southern Exposure 13.6 (Nov.-Dec. 1985): 85-89.


Dial, Adolph L.  “The Lumbees: From Adversity to Progress.”  Carolina Indian Voice 1985: 24 Jan., p. 6; 31 Jan., p. 6; 7 Feb., p. 7; 14 Feb., p.9; 21 Feb., p. 6; 28 Feb., p. 6.


Perdue, Theda.  Native Carolinians: The Indians of North Carolina.  Raleigh: Div. of Archives and History, North Carolina Dept. of Cultural Resources, 1985.  Pp. 45-52.


North Carolina Native American Resources.  Pembroke: North Carolina State Consortium on Indian Education, 1985.


Parramore, Thomas C.  North Carolina: The History of an American State.  Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1983.  Pp. 55-56, 292-94.


Dial, Adolph L.  “The Lumbee Indians: Still a Lost Colony?”  New World Outlook 32 (May 1982): 19-22.


Kehoe, Alice B.  North American Indians: A Comprehensive Account.  Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1981.  Pp. 201-203.


Public Policy and Native Americans in North Carolina: Issues for the ’80’s.  Ed. Susan M. Presti.  Raleigh: North Carolina Center for Public Policy Research, 1981.


Spicer, Edward H.  “Lumbees.”  Harvard Encyclopedia of American Ethnic Groups.  Ed. Stephen Thornstrom.  Cambridge: Belknap—Harvard UP, 1980.  Pp. 70-71.


Good to Be an Indian: Proud and Free.  Videotape.  Prod. Billy E. Barnes.  Title IV, Part A Indian Education Project, Robeson County Board of Education, 1980.  20 min.


Hudson, Charles.  The Southeastern Indians.  Knoxville: U of Tennessee P, 1976.  Pp. 493-96.


Wetmore, Ruth Y.  First on the Land: The North Carolina Indians.  Winston-Salem: F. Blair, 1975.  Pp. 164-68.  [PSU-MLL]


Dial, Adolph L.  “Lumbee Indians.”  5th Gulf Coast History and Humanities Conference, Pensacola, FL, Feb. 7-9, 1974.  Indians of the Lower South: Past and Present.  Ed. John K. Mahon.  Pensacola: The Conference, 1975.  Pp. 77-92.


Burt, Jesse, and Robert B. Ferguson.  Indians of the Southeast, Then and Now. Nashville: Abingdon, 1973.  Pp. 155-58, 221-23, 231-35.


Chavers, Dean. “The Lumbee Story—Part II: A Short History of the Lumbees Since 1800.”  Indian Voice 1.11 (1971-72): 13-14, 26.


Chavers, Dean.  “The Lumbee Story, Part I—Origin of the Tribe.”  Indian Voice [Santa Clara, CA: Native American Pub. Co.] 1.10 (1971-72): 11-12, 24.


Gaillard, Frye.  “Lumbee Indians.”  South Today [Atlanta, GA] 3.2 (Sept. 1971): 4-5.


Bledsoe, Jerry.  “A Story of Indian Progress: ‘We’ve Made It On Our Own’.”  Greensboro Daily News 17 Jan. 1971: A1.


Robesonian 100th Anniversary Edition.  Robesonian 12 July 1970: Sec. C.


Sharpe, Bill.  “Down East Indians.”  The State 33.5 (1 Aug.1965): 13-14.


Lowrey, Clarence E. The Invasion of America. Lumberton, N.C: publisher not identified, 1962.


MRH.  “Who Are the ‘Lumbee’ Indians?”  The Masterkey for Indian Lore and History [Los Angeles: Southwest Museum] 32 (May-June 1958): 92.


Rights, Douglas L.  The American Indian in North Carolina.  2nd ed.  Winston-Salem: John F. Blair, 1957.  Pp. 144-49. 


Pleasants, Paul.  “Our Mysterious Indians.”  The State [Charlotte, NC] 20.26 (29 Nov. 1952): 9-11.


"The Indians of Robeson County.”  The State [Charlotte, NC] 18.47 (21 April 1951): 3, 22.


Robeson County Historical Edition.  Robesonian Feb. 1951: Sec. G.


Johnson, Guy Benton.  “An Institutional Sketch of the Robeson County Indian Community.”  1951?  22p.  [Included in entry 468.]


Sharpe, Bill.  “The Lost Tribes of Carolina.”  The State [Charlotte, NC] 16.47 (23 April 1949): 3-4, 21, 23.


Smithey, Sherman Bryan.  “Robeson Indians Classed by State as Negroes 48 Years.”  Charlotte Observer 22 Nov. 1931: Sec. 3 p. 3.


MacNeill, Ben Dixon.  “Riddle of the Lumbee Indians.”  News and Observer [Raleigh, NC]: 1926 Sec. 2 p. 1, in issues for 31 Jan., 7 Feb., 14 Feb., and 21 Feb.


Henderson, James E.  The Croatan Indians of Robeson County.  Report to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, Washington, D.C. from James E. Henderson, Supt., Cherokee Agency, U.S. Indian Service, Dept. of Interior.  Cherokee, N.C., 11 Dec. 1923.  8 p.  National Archives and Records Service, Washington, D.C.  RG 75, Entry 121, Central Classified Files, 1907-1939, 93807-1923-Cherokee School-150 (James Henderson’s Report).


Olds, Fred A. “Croatan Indians of North Carolina.” Raleigh Times 8 Nov. 1913.


Olds, Fred A.  “Croatan Indians of North Carolina.”  Raleigh Times 8 Nov. 1913.


Olds, Fred A. “Croatan Indians of North Carolina.” Forest and stream 81 (October 11, 1913), page 458 (2 pages).


McLean, A. W.  “Historical Sketch of Indians of Robeson County.”  Robesonian 3 April 1913: 2; 7 April 1913: 2.  Rpt. in McPherson (entry 49), Exhibit F.


Olds, F. A.  “A Visit to the Croatan Indians.”  Charlotte Observer 21 June 1908: Sec. 2 pp. 2-3, 8.  Rpt. in Robesonian 25 June 1908: 1; 29 June 1908: 1; 2 July 1908: 1; 6 July 1908: 4.


Mooney, James.  “Croatan Indians.”  Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico.  (Smithsonian Institution.  Bureau of American Ethnology.  Bulletin 30, part 1.)  Washington: Government Printing Office, 1907.  P. 365.  Rpt. in McPherson (entry 49), Exhibit M, pp. 251-252.


Bellamy, John D[illard]. “Remarks of the Hon. John D. Bellamy, of North Carolina, in the House of Representatives.”  56th Cong. 1st Session. Congressional Record 33 part 1 (2 Feb. 1900): 1457-58.