Red Banks Mutual Association; farming

Record Number Citation

Emanuel, Ryan E. “Water in the Lumbee world: A river and its people in a time of change.” Environmental history 24 no. 1 (January 2019): 25–51.


Maxwell, William. "The Back Swamp drainage project, Robeson County, North Carolina: Biopolitical intervention in the lives of Indian farmers." Water History January 19, 2017.


Lee, Tanya H. "$380 Million More to Benefit Farmers, Ranchers in Keepseagle Compromise." Indian Country. May 2, 2016.


Corbin, A. S. “Preliminary Report/Proposed Settlement 100 Families–Pembroke–Robeson County–N. C.” Unpub. typescript. N.d. [PSU-MLL]


By-laws of the Red Banks Mutual Association. National Archives and Records Administration. Record Group 96. Farmers Home Administration. File no. 100, Correspondence Relative to Resettlement Project. N.d. 11 p.


Library of Congress. American Memory Project. (accessed July 19, 2002).


Okuda-Jacobs, Angelina. “Planting health, culture and sovereignty: traditional horticulture of the Lumbee Nation of North Carolina.” Thesis (M.S., Land Resources). U of Wisconsin-Madison, 2000. 90 p. Key source


“Putting farm losses into perspective [editorial].” Robesonian Tuesday, 29 June 1999: 4A


Lowry, Ronald H. “Recollections of artifacts from the family farm.” Carolina Indian Voice 21 January 1999: 1.


Anderson, Ryan K. “Lumbee kinship, community, and the success of the Red Banks Mutual Association.” American Indian Quarterly 23.2 (Spring 1999): 39-58. Key source


Bledsoe, Jerry. “Mr. Winkley Likes the Old.” Greensboro Daily News 17 Jan. 1971: A14. Rpt. (with modifications) in Bledsoe’s Just Folks: Visitin’ with Carolina People (Charlotte: Fast & McMillan, 1980), pp. 51-54.


Brown, Dick. “U.S. Stakes Lumbees to New Future.” News and Observer 7 July 1968: Sec. 3 p. 8.


Peebles, Lucy Gray. “Co-Op Will Disband After 29 Years.” The Lumbee 26 Jan. 1967: 1. [PSU-MLL]


Brown, D. “‘Radical’ Farm Venture for Indians Nears End.” News and Observer 15 Jan. 1967: III-12.


“‘Billy’ Lowry, 100 Saturday, Plans to Hunt Deer This Fall.” Robesonian 29 Sept. 1960: 7.


Barton, Lew, and Simeon Oxendine. “Amaziah Chavis: The Success Story of One Lumbee Farmer.” Scottish Chief 21 May 1958. [PSU-MLL. PSU Clippings File]


“Reservation Superintendent in Visit to Pembroke Area.” Pembroke Progress 1 Dec. 1949. [PSU-MLL. PSU Clippings File]


“Dr. Eaton Makes Report on Red Banks Survey.” Pembroke Progress 8 July 1948: 1.


U.S. Congress. Senate. Hearings before the Subcommittee of the Committee on Appropriations … on H. R. 6709, a Bill Making Appropriations for the Dept. of Agriculture for the Fiscal Year Ending June 30, 1943… 77th Cong. 2nd Sess. GPO, 1942. Y4.Ap6/2: Ag8/943


U.S. Congress. House. Hearings before the Subcommittee of the Comm. on Appropriations … on the Agriculture Department Appropriation Bill for 1943. 77th Cong. 2nd Sess. Washington: GPO, 1942. Y4.Ap6/1: Ag8/943/pt. 2


Thompson, Marshall. “Robeson County Indians Make Forward Strides; Scuffletown Makes Way for Churches and Homes.” Robesonian 23 May 1940: 3


Walker, Charles R. “Homesteaders–New Style.” Survey Graphic: Magazine of Social Interpretation 28.6 (June 1939): 377-81, 408.


“Before and After.” Robesonian 3 March 1939: 8.


“Official Figures Show Nearly $386,000 Spent on Indian Resettlement Project.” Robesonian 8 July 1938: 4.


Sharpe, J. A. “Rural Indian Resettlement Project Is Large-Scale Federal Undertaking in Pembroke Section of Robeson County.” Robesonian 29 June 1938: 1.


“Purchase of 10,000 Acres Farm Land in Robeson by RA [Resettlement Administration] Given Final Approval.” Robesonian 29 June 1936: 1.


“Plan to Place 1,000 Tenants on Small Farms of Their Own.” Robesonian 2 Dec. 1935: 6.


Pearmain, John. Report ... on Conditions of the Indians in Robeson County. Washington: Resettlement Admin., 11 Nov. 1935. [National Archives and Records Admin., Washington, DC. File 64190-1935-066-General Services.] [IERC] [Lumbee Petition, exhibit A1)5]


Pearmain, John. “Reservation”: Siouan Tribe of Indians of Robeson County, North Carolina. Indian Office Handbook of Information. Washington: Bureau of Indian Affairs, U.S. Dept. of Interior, compiled Oct. 1935.


Baker, Fred A. Report on Siouan Tribe of Indians in Robeson County, North Carolina. Washington: Bureau of Indian Affairs, US Dept. of Interior, 9 July 1935. [IERC] [National Archives and Records Admin., Washington, DC. File 37889-1935-310-(?) Cherokee, filed with 36208-1935-310-General Services, Central Classified Files, 1907-1939, RG 75.] [Lumbee Petition, Exhibit A58]


“Settlement for Indian Families Is Investigated.” Robesonian 4 July 1935: 1.


“Fuller Locklear.” Robesonian 28 June 1926: 3.