Federal recognition

Record Number Citation

Jacobs, Ben. “The History of Lumbee Regional Development Association, Inc. (1968-1985).” Unpublished typescript. 80 p. and appendices.


"A treasure tribes willingly share. Museum adviser, a Lumbee, advocates for all American Indians." Tar Heel of the Week. News and Observer (Raleigh, NC) May 27, 2007.


“Lumbee Tribal Council: The Council dips into its credit to pay its Washington lobbyist.” Fayetteville Observer Friday, February 16, 2007.


Sider, Gerald M. “The walls came tumbling up: The production of culture, class and Native American societies.” Australian journal of anthropology 17.3 (December 2006): 276-90.


Locklear, Mark. "Lumbee recognition: Senate panel sets date." Robesonian Thursday, June 29 2006.


Locklear, Mark. "Lumbees mark 50 years of recognition, seek more." Robesonian Friday, June 09, 2006.


To provide for the acknowledgment of the Lumbee Tribe of North Carolina, and for other purposes. United States. Senate. 109th Congress. 1st session. S. 660. March 17, 2005.


Locklear, Mark. “Lowry, Lumbee advocate, died at 91.” Robesonian 16 March 2004.


Daniels, Stephen, and John Rustin. “Lumbee casino gambling: Would another casino be good for North Carolina?” North Carolina Family Policy Council, February 2004.  4 p. 54 notes.


Providing for the acknowledgment of the Lumbee Indian tribe of North Carolina, and for other purposes. Report, Senate Comm. on Indian Affairs. S. Rept. 108-213. 11 p. Dated November 25, 2003. Y1.1/5: 108-213.


Woods, Ruth Dial. “Growing up red: the Lumbee experience.” Diss. Chapel Hill: U of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 2001. 222 p.


Brayboy, Connee. “Adolph Blue known as a man of principle and integrity.” Carolina Indian Voice Thursday, 6 July 2000: 1.


Maynor, Malinda, Judy Kertesz, and Ian Aronson. “Lumbee history.” The Appalachian Quarterly [Wise County Historical Society, VA] 4.2 (June 1999): 82-93.


Knick, Stanley. “Along the Robeson Trail (column).” Carolina Indian Voice 25 February 1999: 5. 


Stein, Robert E. “Encountering liberalism: devaluing the economics of racism.” Diss. Michigan U, 1999. 275 pages.


Maynor, Malinda, and Judy Kertesz. Sounds of Faith [Website]. 1999-2002.


Hunt, Cynthia L.  “A Guide to Understanding Lumbee History.”  Robesonian 5 Jan. 1993: 4A.


Dial, Adolph L. The Lumbee. Indians of North America. New York : Chelsea House, 1993. 112 p. Key source


Montgomerie, Deborah. “Coming to terms: Ngai Tahu, Robeson County Indians and the Garden Band of Ojibwa, 1840-1940. Three studies of colonialism in action.” Diss. Duke U, 1993.


 Zak, Susannah K.  "A Story of Survival: The Lumbee Indians."  Thesis.  U of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1992.  53 p.


Public Policy and Native Americans in North Carolina: Issues for the ’80’s.  Ed. Susan M. Presti.  Raleigh: North Carolina Center for Public Policy Research, 1981.


Blu, Karen I. The Lumbee problem: the making of an American Indian people. 1980; Lincoln: Nebraska UP, 2001. Key source


“Indians to Plan Recognition Drive Here.” Greensboro Record 1 Dec. 1978: C1.


Doster, Woody.  “Lumbees Must Organize to Get Slice of BIA Budget.”  Greensboro Daily News 17 May 1973: D9.


Pierce, Charles F. [Visit Among the Croatan Indians, Living in the Vicinity of Pembroke, North Carolina.] Report, in the Field at Pipestone, Minn., to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, U.S. Indian Service, Dept. of the Interior, 2 Mar. 1912. [National Archives and Records Admin., Washington, D.C. File 23202-1912-123 General Services.] [IERC] [Lumbee Petition, Exhibit A30] Summarized in entry 62.