Southeastern Indian Oral History Project

Record Number: 

University of Florida. Southeastern Indian Oral History Project (2005). P O Box 115215, Gainesville, FL, 32611. 1-352-392-7168. Key source


This collection is part of the Doris Duke Indian Oral History Program. It includes tapes and transcriptions of interviews with approximately 190 North Carolina Lumbees. Baltimore Lumbees were also interviewed, as were some Whites who were involved in Lumbee affairs or research. For additional information about this project, see this article about Sam Proctor.

Access to the recordings themselves, for people in or near Florida: For additional information, consult the University of Florida Oral History Project's Web site. As a general rule, the tapes and transcripts must be used on site. Contact Mrs. Roberta Y. Peacock, Oral History Program Administrative Assistant, by e-mail ( with specific questions. Mrs. Peacock says that the program very rarely allows purchase of copies of the audiotapes, unless the requestor is a family member of the interviewee.

Access to the recordings themselves, for people in or near Pembroke, North Carolina: UNC-Pembroke's Native American Resource Center has copies of the interviews conducted by Adolph Dial. The approximately 70 interviews reside on a set of 35 CDs. The set is called “The Adolph Dial Tapes.”

Access to the transcripts: All 267 transcripts have been digitized, with funding from a gift from Caleb J. and Michele B. Grimes. The transcripts can be located by searching the Web site of the Samuel Proctor Oral History Program: Lumbee Interviews. The Text Search option allows you to search for a name, word, phrase, or Boolean search within the full text of all the Lumbee transcripts. To find an interview listed in the table below, click the link for Advanced Search. Search for an interviewee's name, first name first, or an interview topic from the table below, in Anywhere. When you find your match and click on the Title, you'll be able to view page images of the transcript. You can also search within the text ofthe transcript. The Citation page for the interview will give you a permanent link for the transcript, additional information about the where the oral history itself is housed, rights management, usage statistics for the transcript, and more.

The table below lists the 267 interviews with Lumbee Indians (or others knowledgeable about them) conducted between 1973 and 1975.

A few links to the digitized transcrips have been provided as examples. More links will be added as time permits.

IntervieweeDate recorded Tape code InterviewerTranscript?
Ammons, Ruby C.7-73119ALew Bartonyes
Are They Really Indians? 5-74 185A Lew Barton yes 
Barns, Elwell12-73 153A Lew Barton yes 
Barton, Bruce 9-72 11ALew Barton yes 
Barton, Earl 5-74 181A Lew Barton yes 
Barton, Herman 11-73 128ABruce Barton yes 
Monologue--Music12-73 164A Lew Barton no
Monologue12-73 141A Lew Barton yes
Barton, Lew 3-74 169A Lew Barton yes 
Barton, Lew 7-72 3ABDr. Proctor yes 
Barton, Ricky 4-73LUM 66ALew Bartonyes 
Bell, Mr. & Mrs. Albert 4-75 242A Adolph Dial no
Blu, Karen 8-73 127ABrenda Brooks yes 
Blue, Brantley April 19, 1973 62A Lew Barton yes
Blue, Brantley 5-73 63ALew Barton yes 
Blue, Elsie Mae 12-73 140A Lew Barton yes 
Blue, Mrs. Brantley 6-73 86ALew Barton yes 
Blue, Patricia 6-73 85A Lew Barton yes 
Board of Elections 5-73 79ABrenda Brooks no 
Brayboy, John 11-73 131A Bruce Barton yes 
Brayboy, James K. 4-75 253A  Adolph Dialyes 
Brewington, Bob 4-73 54AMarilyn Taylor yes 
Brewington, James Dophus 4-75 243A Adolph Dial yes 
Brooks, Andrew 7-73Dexter Brooksyes 
Brooks, Brenda July 31, 1972LUM 2ADr. Proctor yes 
Brooks, Dexter May 28, 197380ABrenda Brooks yes 
Brooks, Howard6-73 83ADexter Brooks 


Brooks, Rosetta4-75 240A Adolph Dial yes 
Brooks, Colon 4-75 240A Adolph Dial yes 
Brooks, Peter July 10, 1973LUM 114ADexter Brooksyes
Brooks, Peter 8-73 123AB Brenda Brooks yes 
Brooks, Roscoe 7-73 122A Lew Barton yes 
Brooks, Sally Johnson 7-73LUM 110ADexter Brooksyes 
Brooks, Sherman 7-73Dexter Brooksyes 
Bullard, Early "Judge" 4-75 226A Adolph Dial yes 
Bullard, Rand 4-75 212A Adolph Dial yes 
Burnt Swamp Baptist Association Readings 4-75 246A Adolph Dial yes 
Butler, George E. (monologue)4-75 204A Adolph Dialno
Carter, John L. 4-75 232A Adolph Dial yes 
Carter, Mrs. Roy 4-75 235A Adolph Dial yes 
Carter, Mrs. Spaulding 12-73 198AB Lew Barton yes
Chavis, James E. 4-75 248A Adolph Dial yes 
Chavis, Ed 11-72 37A Lew Barton yes
Chavis, James 9-72 9ALew Barton yes 
Chavis, Mr. & Mrs. Oscar 4-75 252A Adolph Dial yes 
Chavis, James E. 4-75 251A Adolph Dial yes
Chavis, N. Daniel 4-75 247A Adolph Dial yes 
Chavis, Mrs. Willie C. 4-75219A Adolph Dial yes 
Chavis, Willie 9-72 5ABLew Barton yes 
Clark, Ward (Rev.) 4-7368ALew Bartonyes 
Collins, Beverly 5-74 176A Lew Barton yes 
Collins, Gertha M. 12-73 165A Lew Barton yes 
Collins, Glenda Sue 175A Lew Barton yes 
Collins, Harold Dean 12-74 161A Lew Barton yes 
Collins, Lora 12-74 163A  Lew Barton yes 
Collins, Redell 9-72 13ALew Barton yes 
Connelly, Paula 9-72Lew Bartonyes 
Cummings, Coolidge 9-7225ALew Bartonyes 
Cummings,  Simeon (Rev.)8-7221ALew Bartonyes 
Deese, Harold no
Dial, Adolph (monologue)4-75 224A Adolph Dial no
Dial, Adolph 4-75 250A Adolph Dialno
Dial, Adolph (monologue)4-75 225A Adolph Dial yes 
Dial, Adolph (monologue)4-75 229A Adolph Dial no
Dial, Adolph (monologue)4-75 231A Adolph Dial no
Dial, Adolph (monologue)4-75 233A Adolph Dial no
Dial, Adolph 8-25-75Tape 13; LUM16ALew Bartonyes 
Dial, Adolph8-73 126A Danford Dial yes 
Dial, Danford4-75 222A Adolph Dial yes 
Dial, Danford 8-72 1ABDr. Proctor yes 
Dial, Herman4-73 58ALew Barton yes 
Dial, Iola 11-72 36ALew Barton yes 
Dial, Mr. & Mrs. John W.4-75 241A Adolph Dialyes 
Dial, Elisha 4-75 216A Adolph Dial yes 
Dial, Mrs. N. H.4-75 209A Adolph Dialyes 
Dial, Nade 11-72 34ALew Barton yes 
Dial, Onnie 1-74 156A Lew Barton yes 
Eddings, Randolph 10-72 29ABrenda Brooks yes 
Eliades, David 3-74 174A J.M. Locklear no 
Elk, Ray 7-73Dexter Brooksyes 
Elk, Victor 4-73LUM 94AMarilyn Tayloryes 
Godfrey, Mrs. A. R.12-73 135A Lew Barton yes 
Goins, Mrs. Tom Russell 1-74 157A Lew Barton yes 
Gouns, Gregg 4-73LUM 101AMarilyn Tayloryes 
Godwin, John4-75 217A Adolph Dialyes
Godwin, Mary 9-72 12A Lew Barton no
Moore Hall8-73 125ABDanford Dial yes 
Hammonds, Lonnie 4-73LUM 70ALew Bartonyes 
Hammonds, Edna Earl 5-73 65ALew Barton yes 
Hardin, James 4-73LUM 97AMarilyn Tayloryes 
Harris, Enaris 5-74 186A Lew Bartonyes 
Harris, Keith 12-73 134A Lew Barton yes 
Haskins, Mrs. Richard11-73 188ALew Bartonyes 
Holmes, Aileen5-73 64ALew Bartonyes 
Holmes, Aileen5-74 182A Lew Barton yes 
Holshouser, Jim (Governor)  10-7245Lew Bartonyes 
Strickland, Earl Homer8-73 124ADanford Dial yes 
Hunt, Betty Jo 7-73 LUM 111ADexter Brooksyes 
Hunt, Bruce 7-73LUM 116ADexter Brooksyes 
Hunt, Clyde 12-73 138A Lew Barton yes 
Hunt, Dixie4-73LUM 105AMarilyn Tayloryes
Hunt, Elmer4-73LUM 102AMarilyn Tayloryes
Hunt, James12-73146ALew Bartonno
Hunt, James8-73167ALew Bartonyes
Hunt, Mr. & Mrs. Peggy5-74177ABLew Bartonyes
Hunt, Mrs. Peter5-74178ALew Bartonyes
Hunt, Rucious7-73120ALew Bartonyes
Indian Protest on Education (Side 1); Lack of police protection in Lumberton (Side 2)October 31, 197247ALew Bartonyes
Jackson, Norma11-7231ALew Bartonyes
Jackson, Rose Mary12-73136ALew Bartonyes
Jacobs, Arlie5-73?J.M. Locklearyes
Jacobs, Mrs. Mary Lowry4-75215AAdolph Dialyes
Jacobs, Teddy3-74170ALew Bartonyes
Jacobs, Viola12-73152AMarilyn Tayloryes
Johnson, Carrie Mabel7-73?Dexter Brooksyes
Jones, Bruce10-7228a
Brenda Brooksyes
Jones, John R.9-7210ALew Bartonyes
Jones, Paladin "Pat"12-74162ALew Bartonyes
Jones, Rosa12-73189ALew Bartonyes
Jones, Sr., Miles S.4-75201AAdolph Dialyes
Jones, Willoughby4-75238AAdolph Dialyes
Juren, L.D.12-7314AMarilyn Taylorno
Chavis, Ertle Knox6-73?Lew Bartonyes
Lee, John Henry7-76192-ALew Bartonyes
Locklear, Arnold5-73LUM 84ALew Bartonyes
Locklear, Barbara???no
Locklear, Barbara???no
Locklear, Bessie???no
Locklear, Betty4-7369ALew Bartonyes
Locklear, Bobby11-72LUM 30ALew Bartonyes
Locklear, Carnell11-72?Lew Bartonyes
Locklear, Curt4-7359ALew Bartonyes
Locklear, Dewey4-73LUM 92ALew Bartonyes
Steen, Omalene Locklear12-73147AMarilyn Tayloryes
Locklear, Gaston4-75226AAdolph Dial yes
Locklear, James A.4-75236AAdolph Dialyes
Locklear, Janie10-72?Brenda Brooksyes
Locklear, Janie MaynorNov. 17, 197240ALew Bartonyes
Locklear, Joyce6-73?J.M. Locklearyes
Locklear, Plummer, Jr. 7-73LUM 109ADexter Brooksyes
Locklear, Linda12-73145AMarilyn Tayloryes
Locklear, Lindburg3-7350AMarilyn Tayloryes
Locklear, Mr. & Mrs. Archie A.4-75249AAdolph Dialyes
Locklear, Mr. & Mrs. Lawrence5-74184ALew Bartonyes
Locklear, Fuller4-75245AAdolph Dialyes
Locklear, Mrs. Maynor11-72?Lew Bartonno
Locklear, Mrs. Nancy C.4-75234AAdolph Dialyes
Locklear, Mrs. Willie4-75223AAdolph Dialyes
Locklear, Paul9-72LUM 22ALew Bartonyes
Locklear, Pearson4-75239AAdolph Dialno
Locklear, Rev. Barto1-74155ALew Bartonyes
Locklear, Rev. C.E.4-75227AAdolph Dialyes
Locklear, Rev. E.E.4-75239AAdolph Dialno
Locklear, Ronald6-73LUM 91ALew Bartonyes
Locklear, Stella1-74160ALew Bartonyes
Locklear, Susan3-74172ALew Bartonyes
Locklear, Wanda Kay5-73?J.M Locklearyes
Locklear, William L.???no
Long, Rev. Harry4-75210AAdolph Dialyes
Lowry, Claude 4-75200AAdolph Dialyes
Lowry, Crossie 5-73LUM 73AA.M. Locklearyes
Lowry, Daniel E. 4-75205AAdolph Dialyes
Lowry, Dawrie12-73150AMarilyn Tayloryes
Lowry, Dr. Fuller8-73123ABBrenda Brooksyes
Lowry, Evelyn12-73133ALew Bartonyes
Lowry, Jason4-73LUM 99AMarilyn Tayloryes
Lowry, Libby Sue11-72?Lew Bartonno
Lowry, Lloyd4-75206AAdolph Dialyes
Lowry, Danny4-75220AAdolph Dialyes
Lowry, Mrs. D.E.4-75241AAdolph Dialno
Lowry, Phyllis4-73104AMarilyn Tayloryes
Lowry, Rev. D.F.4-75199AAdolph Dial yes
Lowry, Rev. D.F.4-75202AAdolph Dialyes
Lowry, Rev. D.F.4-75203AAdolph Dialyes
Lowry, Shirley4-7353ALew Bartonyes
Lowry, Tryon4-7356AMarilyn Tayloryes
Lowry, Willie12-73137ALew Bartonno
Lucas, M.9-72LUM 7ALew Bartonyes
Lure & Lore of the Lumbee5-74183ALew Bartonyes
Lumbee Feedback5-73LUM 78A?yes
Lumbee Hearings10-7243ABCDBrenda Brooksyes
Lumbee Indian Caucus4-75208AAdolph Dialno
Mangum, Betty7-73LUM 117AJ.M. Locklearyes
Mangum, Rev.10-7226ABLew Bartonyes
Mangum, Rev. Robert4-75222AAdolph Dialyes
Matthews, Bobbin4-7398AMarilyn Tayloryes
Maynor, Dr. WaltzJuly 23, 1973115A?yes
Maynor, Earlie B.12-7249ALew Bartonyes
Maynor, Elizabeth O.10-72?J.M. Locklearyes
Maynor, Jeffrey6-73LUM 82ABJ.M. Locklearyes
Maynor, Rev. Dawley4-75218AAdolph Dialyes
McDowell, David???no
McMillan, Cindy3-74171ALew Bartonyes
Michison, Velma3-73LUM 52ALew Bartonyes
Miller, Vardell12-73154ALew Bartonyes
Moore, Henry4-75237AAdolph Dialyes
Moore, Herbert10-72LUM 27Brenda Brooksyes
Moore, James4-75236AAdolph Dialyes
Moore, Mrs. Charlie4-75235AAdolph Dialyes
Mull, Fad9-72LUM 20ALew Bartonyes
National Indian Day Celebration4-75228AAdolph Dialyes
Odum Children's Home5-73LUM 74AJ.M. Locklearyes
Old Main Commission Session1-74159ALew Bartonno
Old Main meeting3-74173AJ.M. Locklearno
Oxendine, Charlie4-75230AAdolph Dialyes
Oxendine, Charlie W.4-75213AAdolph Dialyes
Oxendine, Clifton4-75207AAdolph Dialyes
Oxendine, David6-73LUM 90ALew Bartonyes
Oxendine, Effie J.B.7-73?Dexter Brooksyes
Oxendine, Henry5-7388ALew Bartonyes
Oxendine, Lloyd11-72?Lew Bartonyes
Oxendine, Luther9-726ALew Bartonyes
Parker, Elder and Mrs. John9-74197ALew Bartonyes
Parker, Mrs. John9-74197ALew Bartonsame as above (?)
Paul, Bill8-728-ALew Bartonyes
Pinchbeck, Walter4-73LUM 57ALew Bartonyes
Poems5-74LUM 187ALew Bartonyes
Prospect School Incident (monologue)8-71LUM 221AAdolph Dialyes
Ransom, Bessie O.11-72?Janie Locklear yes
Ransom, George5-73?Janie Maynor Locklearyes
Ransom, Mr. & Mrs. George7-69214AAdolph Dialyes
Ransom, Vicky???no
Regional Development Association Convention4-75254AAdolph Dialno
Reid, Thelma7-74194ALew Bartonyes
Revels, Larry10-72LUM 33ALew Bartonyes
Revels, Mrs. Nancy Lowry7-71244AAdolph Dialyes
Richardson, Ester Ann7-74195ALew Bartonyes
Richardson, Mr. Gid7-74193ALew Bartonyes
Richardson, Mr. Willie7-74196ALew Bartonyes
Rogers, EliasAugust 24, 1972LUM 14ALew Bartonyes
Rogers, Mrs. Betty and Elisha Dial4-75216AAdolph Dialyes
Russell, Dr. John4-73100AMarilyn Tayloryes
Sampson, Barbara C.11-73129ABruce Bartonyes
Sampson, Betty3-7360ALew Bartonyes
Sampson, Bonnie G.11-73130ABruce Bartonyes
Sampson, Danny4-7393AMarilyn Tayloryes
Sampson, Gary7-73?Lew Barton no
Sampson, Mabe and John Godwin5-69217AAdolph Dialyes
Sampson, Margaret11-73132ABruce Bartonyes
Sampson, Mrs. Woodrow11-73142ALew Bartonyes
Sando, Joe4-75211AAdolph Dialyes
Scheirbeck, Helen11-7271Janie Maynor Locklearyes
Sharpe, Jr. J.A.9-724Lew Bartonyes
Sider, Dr. Gerald M. and Mr. James E. Chavis8-71251AAdolph Dialyes
Spirit Substance Barton et.al3-74190ABLew Bartonyes
State of Lumbee Address7-71179ALew Bartonyes
Stone, Mrs. Cathy8-73158ALew Bartonyes
Stone, Robert6-73118ALew Bartonyes
Strickland, W.J.12-7244ALew Bartonyes
Stricklin, Nathan12-73151AMarilyn Tayloryes
Swett, James Bruce8-73149AMarilyn Tayloryes
Swett, PurnellMay 20, 1973LUM 89ALew Bartonyes
Taylor, Marilyn?-7351ALew Bartonyes
Taylor, Marilyn7-73139ALew Bartonyes
Town Meeting???no
Turner, E.B., Bruce Jones, and Janie Locklear10-7228ABrenda Brooksyes
Warriax, John R.7-74191ALew Bartonyes
Warriax, Larry11-74197ALew Bartonyes
Warriax, Mrs. Alta Mae11-73143ALew Bartonyes
Watkins, Ed4-7395AMarilyn Tayloryes
Weber, Col. Frederick3-7361ABMarilyn Tayloryes
Weber, Katherine3-7355ALew Bartonyes
What People Want5-74180ALew Barton yes
Wilkins, Daniel Webster8-73148AMarilyn Tayloryes
Williams, Mrs. Elizabeth12-73166ALew Bartonyes
Wolf, Victor4-7296AMarilyn Tayloryes
Woods, Rev. James Harold9-7219ALew Bartonyes
Work By B?4-75255AAdolph Dialno
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