Triracial isolates and mixed bloods

Record Number Citation

Gross, Ariela J. “Citizenship of the little races.” What blood won't tell: a history of race on trial in America. Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP, 2008. 111-139.


Daniel, G. Reginald. “Triracial isolates: runaways and refuseniks.” More than Black? Multiracial identity and the new racial order. Philadelphia: Temple UP, 2002. See especially pages 68-75.


Daniel, G. R.  “Passers and Pluralists: Subverting the Racial Divide.”  Racially Mixed People in America.  Newbury Park, CA: Sage, 1992.  Pp. 91-107.


Greenbaum, Susan. “What’s in a label? Identity problems of Southern Indian tribes.” Journal of Ethnic Studies 19.2 (1991):107-126.


Greenbaum, Susan. “What's in a label? Identity problems of Southern Indian tribes.” Journal of Ethnic Studies 19.2 (1991):107-126.


Forbes, Jack D.  “Mulattoes and People of Color in Anglo-North America: Implications for Black-Indian Relations.”  Journal of Ethnic Studies 12.2 (Summer 1984): 17-61.


Sovine, Melanie Lou.  “The Mysterious Melungeons: A Critique of the Mythical Image.”  Diss. U of Kentucky, 1982.


Spees, Everett K., Jr. "Studies of the Diversity of Human Population by Leukocyte, Erthrocyte, and Immunoglobulin Polymorphisms." Diss. (Microbiology). Duke U, 1979.


Gildemeister, Enrique Eugene.  “Local Complexities of Race in the Rural South: Racially Mixed People in South Carolina.”  Thesis.  State U of New York College at Purchase, 1977.


Monaghan, William Patrick.  “Frequencies of Blood Group Antigens in the Lumbee Indians of North Carolina.”  Thesis.  Bowling Green State U, 1974.


“Researchers Say Lumbee Bloodlines Diluted.”  Greensboro Record 16 May 1973: A9.


Beale, Calvin L.  “An Overview of the Phenomenon of Mixed Racial Isolates in the United States.”  American Anthropologist 74.3 (June 1972): 704-10.


Dane, J. K., and B. E. Griessman.  “The Collective Identity of Marginal Peoples: The North Carolina Experience.”  American Anthropologist 74.3 (June 1972): 694-704.


Pollitzer, William S.  “The Physical Anthropology and Genetics of Marginal People of the Southeastern United States.”  American Anthropologist 74.3 (June 1972): 719-33.



Pollitzer, W. S., R. M. Menegaz-Bock, and J. C. Herion.  “Factors in the Microevolution of a Triracial Isolate.”  American Journal of Human Genetics 18.1 (Jan. 1966): 26-38.


Roberts, D. F.  “Methods of Analysis of the Genetic Composition of a Hybrid Population.”  Human Biology 37.1 (Feb. 1965): [38]-43.


Pollitzer, William S.  “Analysis of a Tri-Racial Isolate.”  Human Biology 36 (1964): 362-73.


Berry, Brewton.  Almost White.  New York: Macmillan, 1963.


Berry, Brewton.  “The Myth of the Vanishing Indian.”  Phylon  21.1 (1960): 51-57.


Pollitzer, William S., et al.  “Hemoglobin Patterns in American Indians.”  Science 129 (23 Jan. 1959): 216.


Beale, Calvin L.  “American Tri-Racial Isolates: Their Status and Pertinence to Genetic Research.”  Eugenics Quarterly 4.4 (Dec. 1957): 187-96.


Price, Edward T.  “A Geographic Analysis of White-Negro-Indian Racial Mixtures in Eastern United States.”  Annals of the Association of American Geographers 43 (June 1953): 138-55.


Price, Edward T.  “The Melungeons: A Mixed-Blood Strain of the Southern Appalachians.”  Geographical Review 41 (1951): 256-71.


Price, Edward Thomas.  “Mixed Blood Populations of the Eastern United States as to Origins, Localizations, and Persistence.”  Diss.  U of California at Berkeley, 1950.  Pp. 285-91.


Dunlap, A. R., and C. A. Weslager.  “Trends in the Naming of Tri-Racial Mixed-Blood Groups in the Eastern United States.”  American Speech 22.2 (April 1947): [81]-87.


Gilbert, William Harlan, Jr.  Synoptic Survey of Data on the Survival of Indian and Part Indian Blood in the Eastern United States.  Washington: Library of Congress, Legislative Reference Service, March 1947. Pp. 25-28.


Nielson, Alfred Melville.  “A Study of Certain ‘Racial Islands’ in the Eastern United States.”  Thesis. Ohio State U, 1947.


Gilbert, William Harlan, Jr.  “Memorandum Concerning the Characteristics of the Larger Mixed-Blood Racial Islands of the Eastern United States.”  Social Forces 24.4 (May 1946): 438-47.


Seltzer, Carl C.  “Report on the Racial Status of Robeson County Indians.”  30 June 1936.  National Archives and Records Admin., Washington, DC.  Record Group 75, Entry 616, Applications and other records relating to registration under the Indian Reorganization Act of 1934, North Carolina.


Porter, Kenneth W.  “Relations Between Negroes and Indians Within the Present Limits of the United States.”  Journal of Negro History 17.3 (July 1932): 287-367.


Estabrook, Arthur H., and Ivan E. McDougle. Mongrel Virginians: The WIN tribe. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins, 1926. Pp. 188-94.


Reuter, Edward Byron.  The Mulatto in the United States, Including a Study of the Role of Mixed-Blood Races Throughout the World.  Boston: Richard G. Badger, 1918.  Pp. 81-85.


Estabrook, Arthur H. Papers, 1910-1943 (APAP-069). Albany, New York. M. E. Grenander Department of Special Collections & Archives, University Libraries, University at Albany, State University of New York