The red and the black

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Outlaw, Marpessa Dawn. “The red and the black.” Emerge 4.6 (April 30, 1993): 50.


This brief article in a magazine intended for African Americans discusses the growing willingness of African Americans to admit, and even celebrate, Native American ancestry. Groups such as the New York-headquartered Northeastern Native American Association include a number of members with Black ancestry. The article mentions the Lumbee, who, along with other Eastern tribes, have been criticized by Western tribes - particularly during bids for federal recognition - for having Black, White, and Indian ancestry.

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