Cro, Croatan

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“Cro, Croatan.” In: The color of words: an encyclopedic dictionary of ethnic bias in the United States. By Philip H. Herbst. Intercultural P, 1997. Page 62.


Brief mention. Explains that the first tribal name for the Lumbee people (from 1889-1911) was Croatan, referring to one theory of the trib’'s origins. Some tribal members and scholars have believed that the tribe originated from intermarriage between the Lost Colony and the Indians at the village (and island) of Croatan. Some whites and blacks shortened the name to “Cro,” which the Indians considered very offensive. The tribal name was thus changed by the legislature of North Carolina to “Indians of Robeson County” in 1911.

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