Lumbee Act (1956)

Record Number Citation

Locklear, Mark. "Lumbees mark 50 years of recognition, seek more." Robesonian Friday, June 09, 2006.


To provide for the acknowledgment of the Lumbee Tribe of North Carolina, and for other purposes. United States. Senate. 109th Congress. 1st session. S. 660. March 17, 2005.


Woods, Ruth Dial. “Growing up red: the Lumbee experience.” Diss. Chapel Hill: U of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 2001. 222 p.


Hunt, Cynthia L. “Looking back while walking forward (column).” Carolina Indian Voice 29 June 2000: 4.


Wilkins, David E. “The Lumbee tribe and its quest for federal recognition: Lumbee Centurions on the Trail of Many Years.” In: A good Cherokee, a good anthropologist. Ed. Steve Pavlik. Los Angeles: American Indian Studies Center, University of California, Los Angeles, 1998. Pp. 149-75. Key source


Padget, Cindy D. “The Lost Indians of the Lost Colony: a critical legal study of the Lumbee Indians of North Carolina.”American Indian Law Review 21.2 (1997): 391-423.


McCulloch, Anne Merline, and David E. Wilkins. “'Constructing' nations within states: the Quest for federal recognition by the Catawba and Lumbee tribes.” American Indian Quarterly 19.3 (Summer 1995): 361-88.  Key source.


Wilkins, David E. "Breaking into the intergovernmental matrix: the Lumbee Tribe's efforts to secure federal acknowledgment." Publius: The journal of federalism 23. 4 (Fall 1993): 123-142. Key source


Lux, Joseph R. “When is an Indian not an 'Indian'? State v. Daley.” South Dakota Law Review 36.2 (1991): 419-433.


Lavell, William G. “Memorandum To: Deputy to the Assistant Secretary—Indian Affairs (Tribal Services). From: Associate Solicitor, Indian Affairs. Subject: Lumbee Recognition Legislation.” Washington: Office of the Solicitor, US Dept. of Interior, 23 Oct. 1989. Correspondence no. BIA.IA.0929 5p. Rpt. in House Report 101-685 (Bibliography entry 1384), House Report 102-215 (Bibliography entry 1387), and Senate Report 102-251 (Bibliography entry 1388).