Bailey, Anna. “How Scuffletown became Indian Country: Political change and transformations in Indian identity in Robeson County, North Carolina, 1865-1956.” Dissertation. U of Washington, 2008.
Blu, Karen I. “'Where do you stay at?' Home place and community among the Lumbee.” Senses of place. Ed. Steven Feld and Keith H. Basso. Santa Fe, NM: School of American Research Press, 1996. Pp. 197-227. Key source
Maynor, Malinda. “Violence and the racial boundary: fact and fiction in the swamps of Robeson County, 1831-1871.” Honors Thesis (History and Literature), Harvard College, 1995. Key source
Blu, Karen I. “'Reading back' to find community: Lumbee ethnohistory.” In North American Indian anthropology: essays on society and culture. Ed. Raymond J. DeMallie and Alfonso Ortig. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1994. Pp. 278-95. Key source