“American Indian Study Center, Baltimore, MD.” Folder. [IERC]
Dial, Heather Kimberly. "Chapter 10. Struggling for voice in a Black and White world: The Lumbee Indians' segregated educational experience in North Carolina." Transformations in schooling: Historical and comparative perspectives. Ed. Kim Tolley. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007. Pages 225-250. Key source
Seessel, Adam. “Lumbee historian dedicated to the only land he knows.” News and Observer (Raleigh, NC) 15 March 1988: 3D.
“Lumbees Ask Red, Black Voting Unity.” Durham Morning Herald [Durham, NC] 20 Oct. 1971.