The Religion of the Lumbee Indians.

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Gustafson, Robert K.  “The Religion of the Lumbee Indians.”  Paper presented at the American Academy of Religion conference, New Orleans, 14 Nov. 1990.


Traces Christianity among the Lumbees since the earliest recorded church deed (1792), noting conferences, associations, and the prevalence of Protestantism.  Gustafson analyzes two videotaped interviews with Lumbee religious leaders; writings about Vernon Cooper; and a conversation with a Tuscarora tribal leader, who provided information on conjuring, herbal remedies, root workers, totens, and blowing out fire.  Notes descriptions of similar practices in writings of Gregg, Lawson, and McMillan.

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