Gardner, Susan. “Not for publication, or: on not (yet, anyway) producing bicultural Lumbee auto-ethnography.” SAIL (Studies in American Indian Literatures) 8.2 (Summer 1996): 29-45.
Arden, Harvey, and Steve Wall. “Vernon Cooper, Lumbee.” Wisdomkeepers: meetings with Native American spiritual leaders. Hillsboro, Oregon: Beyond Words Publishing, 1990. Pp. 56-63.